Use in the classroom

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How can it be used in teaching?

The virtual fieldwork approach is intrinsically a more interactive and engaging approach than simply presenting static images, and provides the basis for a range of learner activities and challenges. These include:

  • landform and landscape interpretation exercises (applying and extending what has just been covered in a lecture, seminar or through reading)
  • field sketching
  • ‘field-checking’ of geomorphological maps (produced using orthoimagery and elevation datasets in a GIS)
  • student-produced geomorphological field guides (as a form of assessment)
  • preparation for real fieldwork (whether or not to these specific locations)
  • follow-up to fieldwork in these locations, or when real fieldwork does not take place for some reason (e.g. poor weather, illness, budget constraints)

Academic level

The core virtual fieldwork resources are provided without interpretation, which means that they can be incorporated into the curriculum at any level. In due course, there will also be at least one guided virtual field trip.

More information to come...

I will add more information to this page as and when I get a chance. In the meantime, you may be interested in a forthcoming article in Geography (published by the Geographical Association) in which I discuss this site in somewhat more detail than here. 

Latest Posts

Article in ‘Geography’ on VR Glaciers

I wrote an article about VR Glaciers and Glaciated Landscapes that appears in the Autumn 2019 edition of ‘Geography’, published by the Geographical Association.  It includes some suggestions as to how the resource can be used in the classroom. Examples include landform and landscape interpretation exercises; studying glacier response to climate change; spatial literacy, GIS

Read More »

Col du Sanetsch – another virtual field trip

Why not have a look at the newly-launched Sanetsch Pass virtual field trip? As always, there is plenty to see, including impressive alpine scenery. Those more interested in human activities also have something to look at, with settlements, tourism, and other things to contemplate. One thing you will not see, unfortunately, is the Tsanfleuron Glacier.

Read More »
Dr Des McDougall

Dr Des McDougall

I'm a Physical Geographer at the University of Worcester (England, UK). Interests include mountain glaciers, mountain geomorphology and Quaternary environmental change. I'm also interested in the use of virtual reality in teaching.

Can you help?

In order to support the ongoing development of this site, it would be really helpful if you could let me know why and how you use the resource. I’d also appreciate hearing any ideas you may have for improvements. Thank you!


This website allows you to explore glaciers and glaciated landscapes using virtual field trips. High quality, 360 degree interactive panoramas (panospheres) allow you to look all around and zoom in on features of interest – a bit like Google Streetview ©.

© VR Glaciers and Glaciated Landscapes by Derek McDougall is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License.

Last updated: March 2019